the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) has made a response to the proposal
regarding the local standards for banned or restricted pesticides that has been
put forward in the Second Session of the 13th National People's Congress (NPC).
According to the response, great importance is attached to the elimination of highly
toxic pesticides and the management and application of pesticides with low
toxicity and low risks.
Apart from some practical measures, the MOA highly emphasizes that the following ten highly toxic pesticides will be withdrawn from the Chinese market by stages and in groups within five years: Aldicarb, Ethoprophos, Isocarbophos, Phorate, Isofenphos-methyl, Carbonfuran, Omethoate, Methomyl, Aluminum phosphide and Chloropicrin.
the risk assessment, the MOA has banned and restricted 67 highly toxic pesticides
since 2002, among which 45 pesticides have been banned and 22 have been strictly
In 2017, a
list of restricted pesticides was issued in order to control the operation
scopes of highly toxic pesticides. What’s more, measures regarding counter
sales, real-name purchase and traceability management have been also taken, so
that the complete process from production, circulation to utilization can be
under supervision. Meanwhile, selling
highly toxic pesticides online has been forbidden. Besides, application of
highly toxic pesticides has been excluded from the production of vegetables and
In addition, enterprises and scientific research institutions have been encouraged to research and develop as well as register pesticides with low toxicity, low residue and high efficiency, so that highly toxic pesticides can be reduced gradually.
In the following stage, three more measures will be fully executed in order to strengthen the process of eliminating highly toxic pesticides. First of all, a time schedule of the elimination and relevant policies will come out after experts have conducted a study on the impact that the 10 highly toxic pesticides mentioned above have on agricultural production and business operation. Secondly, enterprises are highly encouraged to introduce alternative products to highly toxic pesticides. Simultaneously, new techniques and new equipment will be encouraged to replace the production of highly toxic pesticides. Last but not least, attention will be paid to popularization of how to use pesticides in a safer way.
The ten pesticides that will face an elimination out of the Chinese market in the next 5 years are regarded as highly toxic pesticides. Here is an overview of those.
Ethoprophos is a type of contact toxicity, which is also considered as an organophosphorus nematicide.
Isocarbophos is a board-spectrum insecticide and acaricide that have functions of contact poisoning and stomach poisoning. Besides, an ovicidal trait can be also found in this pesticide.
Phorate is a dithiophosphates systemic insecticide and acaricide with the main traits of stomach poisoning, contact poisoning and inhalation.
Isofenphos-methyl is a soil insecticides to control soil insect pests.
Carbonfuran is a board-spectrum carbamate insecticide and nematicide.
Omethoate is board-spectrum insecticide and acaricide with an intensively systemic trait. Besides, it has main functions of contact poisoning and stomach poisoning.
Methomyl is a systemic carbamate insecticide with functions of contact poisoning, stomach poisoning and fumigation.
Aluminum phosphide, also known as AlP, can release toxic gas (phosphine gas) once encountering humid air or water. It can kill all kinds of storage pests just with inhalation.
Chloropicrin is an alert pesticide with high efficiency.
For more information about China’s pesticides market, please have a look at our resources at Pesticides.